Some high-end Embedded Application Frameworks like Linux, Android and others are highly optimized for M2M application development. Embedded Application Frameworks enable Machine to Machine communication or (M2M) communication. M2M Technology allows users to connect and manage remote devices over the air. A number of industries can benefit from this new technology advancement. Now, users will be able to centrally control remote industrial equipment, track vehicles or cabs, manage cloud services and give consumer devices more competencies. M2M can change the face of the functioning of most industries.
Earlier integrating M2M technologies was a costly and time-consuming affair. The process required system designers to create the entire M2M architecture from start. However, with Embedded Application Frameworks (EAFs), this process has been simplified to a large extent. Developers can now deploy connected services through pre-packaged Real-time Operating Systems (RTOSs) and libraries that are directly embedded into the communications module. This new advancement has halved the time and effort required to develop new M2M hardware. Developers can now focus on creating more innovated and connected applications.
M2M Devices and Its Challenges
To explain simply, M2M technology is used to boost a device or piece of equipment with intelligent services and this device is connected to a back-end software that can monitor and control it. There are two core components required to make this possible – a wireless modem that can communicate with the back-end systems, and a software that runs the services.
Wireless devices have been in the market for many decades now. And these devices were made using easily available hardware components and traditional multichip architecture. The engineers just had to assemble the hardware and software that would then run on a microprocessor with external memory. Early developers had a very limited choice and option to experiment. Prepackaged software market that supported M2M connectivity was yet to be established.
However, M2M technology has a few drawbacks. Developing a device with M2M technology and integrating the infrastructure from scratch is time-consuming, and can take up to a year to go to market. Nowadays, we do not have the liberty of this much time due to competition. Moreover, the operational costs tend to be very high. Especially if there is an in-house team working on the project. Also, in-house development would require heavy investment in an RTOS with full-blown processing power and it’s not used for every M2M application. Lastly, M2M technology required a devoted device developer and their core expertise lies in is not in multichip computing architectures.
Making M2M Communication Intelligent with EAF
Some of the challenges of M2M technology can be corrected with Embedded Application Frameworks (EAF). EAFs can simplify and also reduce the costs of deploying an M2M system. The delivery timeline from planning to final launch, which usually takes one year can be completed in six months. Moreover, deploying software in an EAF eliminates the requirement of a separate RTOS, which saves on a big chunk of heavy investment.
Core Components to Consider in the EAF Model
While integrating the EAF model in M2M devices we must consider a few key core components. Firstly, the app should have a lightweight OS optimized for M2M. The OS should be optimized to allow voice control, data call, messaging and also this will provide direct access to the communications stack.
Another key feature is access to a variety of software libraries and development tools. Libraries will allow functions like GSP connectivity, internet connectivity protocols among others. Development tools will make it easy to code, debug, monitor M2M applications and maintain the backend. Finally, the EAF should have tools for cloud-based management of connected devices to handle device monitoring and software or firmware upgrades.